Google Timelapse: Uganda-DRC Border Changes With Semliki River

The Semliki River forms the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo,. Its frequently-changing course . Photo from Fortune of Africa.

By Daniel O’Boyle



Natural features such as rivers often seem like obvious points for political borders.

However, nature is often subject to change, which can cause huge problems around border areas.

Much of the border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo is set along the Semliki River, a meandering river that has changed course over 100 times since the DRC gained independence in 1960. The river was set as the border between the Belgian Congo and British Ugandan Protectorate by the two colonial powers  and despite the variable course, it remains the border to this day.

The issue of the border has been complicated in recent years, as the discovery of oil around nearby Lake Albert, and the possibility of more oil to be discovered near the river’s path, has increased the stakes of the dispute, while recent wars in the region have also added to the river’s contentious status.

Increasing snowmelt on nearby mountains and overgrazing on land in the area have both caused the discharge of the river to increase, which has led to the river quickly eroding its banks and creating new courses. As it breaks through narrow points of meanders, the river creates oxbow lakes — lakes that were once bends in rivers — which eventually dry up. Meanwhile, in other formerly straight parts of the river, new bends form.

While both nations gain and lose land in places, Uganda has lost far more area as the river changes course, with many Ugandan farmers finding their lands have moved across the border.

It is unusual to be able to see a changing border in satellite pictures, but the unique situation of the Semliki River means the changes can be viewed via Google Timelapse.

Graph: Paul George’s Importance to the Pacers in the Postseason is Unparallelled

By Daniel O’Boyle

It’s an oft-repeated fact that to succeed in the NBA you need stars who will perform in the postseason.

But which NBA star has been the most important to their team when it counts?

According to on/off stats, it’s not LeBron James, Kevin Durant or Steph Curry. Nor is it Russell Westbrook, Kawhi Leonard or James Harden.

It’s Indiana Pacers small forward Paul George. And by quite some distance.

George is certainly a a top player in the NBA, and he is known for his ability to step up his game in the postseason, but the extent to which the Pacers have relied on the former Fresno State product in the playoffs may surprise you.

Among players with 2000 playoff minutes played, George leads all players in net on/off rating, with a rating of 19.0. That means that the Pacers are better off by 19 points per 100 possessions when George is on the court compared to when he sits on the bench.  That stat is driven mostly by his astonishing defensive on/off rating of 15.4 — the Pacers’ opponents score 15.4 less points per game when they have to face Paul George compared to facing lineups without him. Yet with an offensive on/off rating of 3.6, George helps his team score too, as shown by his career total of 18.4 playoff points per game.

In second place is Warriors power forward Draymond Green, who has proven invaluable to the most successful team of recent years, yet with a net rating of 14.6, he still sits far behind George. In third is point guard George Hill, formerly of the Pacers, which perhaps shows that a lack of depth in Indiana is behind George’s on/off stats.

With the playoffs approaching and the Pacers currently 7th in the Eastern Conference, history suggests Paul George will again be the key to how the team performs. Though if the Pacers can find a way to perform with George off the court, they may become a dark horse candidate to make a deep playoff run.

See the graphic on datawrapper.

A Graph Showing the offensive rating, defensive rating and net rating of all NBA players with 2000 playoff minutes played.
By Daniel O’Boyle. Made using datawrapper.

Indiana: The Midwest’s Tech Capital

An infographic detailing the growth and success of Indiana’s tech industry in recent years. Made using Venngage.

By Daniel O’Boyle

When asked to think of cities associated with technology, one usually thinks of the coasts. Areas like Silicon Valley in California and Charlotte, North Carolina are usually seen as the key locations behind the modern industries of the 21st century.

But in recent years, Indianapolis and the state of Indiana as a whole have become major players in the industry too. Just last month, Forbes placed Indianapolis fifth among cities creating the most tech jobs, while Governing Magazine commented on the city’s surprise success in the tech industry. Echoing a similar sentiment expressed in his State of the State address, Governor Eric Holcomb called on Hoosiers to embrace Indiana’s potential as a tech state in a recent letter to the Indianapolis Star.

This Infographic, created using Venngage, shows the success of Indiana — and Indianapolis in particular — as a key location for tech jobs.

Time Capsule: A History of the World Cup

By Daniel O’Boyle


England defender and captain Bobby Moore lifts the Jules Rimet trophy in 1966 after a 4-2 extra-time win over West Germany in the final. The trophy had been stolen only weeks earlier before being found by a dog named Pickles.

The 2018 FIFA World Cup is looming closer, as Brazil has a chance tomorrow to become the first team to join Russia, the automatically-qualifying hosts, and guarantee a place at the competition, should enough results across in South America’s qualifying group go their way.

The previous 20 tournaments that have been held since 1930 have seen great matches and great goals as well as more than their share of controversy and bizarre events. While players like Pele, Johann Cruyff and Diego Maradona enthralled fans on the field, off-the-field politics and other events have often dominated headlines as much as the games themselves.

Click here to see a timeline of some of the World Cup’s most memorable moments, both on and off the field, from the inaugural tournament in 1930 all the way up to the 21st century.

America’s 10 Cities Dealing With a Drinking Problem


By Daniel O’Boyle

According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 86.4% of Americans aged 18 or older reported that they had drunk alcohol at some point in their lifetime, while 6.2% of adults have Alcohol Use Disorder.

This unsurprisingly has many negative consequences, such as liver disease and alcohol-related road accidents. However, despite the fact that alcoholism affects people throughout the country, its impact is greater in some areas that others.

Men’s Health Magazine ranked the cities in America with the most serious alcohol issues, based on criteria including DUI arrests and deaths from liver disease.

The city with the worst drinking problem was Fresno, California, with Reno, Nevada in second. Texas and California were the most represented states, with three cities each.

StoryMap showing the full list of cities.